Commercial Fishing Industry
Commercial fishing is basically the activity of catching fish and other seafood for commercial profit. Those in the commercial fishing industry often hunt for fish far into the ocean under unfavorable conditions. Providing a large quantity of food to many countries around the world, the large scale commercial fishing is also known as industrial fishing.
A vast variety of animals, ranging from tuna, cod and salmon to shrimp, krill, lobster, clams, squid and crab are harvested in various fisheries. Commercial fishing methods today have become very advanced and efficient, changing and developing to cater to the ever rising demand. Vary large nets and factory ships are used in commercial fishing techniques. The commercial fishing methods fluctuate according to the region, the species being hunted for, and as well as the technology available. The enterprise for commercial fishing may vary from one man with a small boat with hand-casting nets to a massive fleet of trawlers processing tons of fish every day.
The common commercial fishing gears in use today are surrounding nets, seine nets , trawls, dredges, lift nets, gillnets, hooks and lines, entangling nets and traps. There are a large number of important fisheries around the world for different species of fish, mollusks and crustaceans. However, for the majority of the world’s fisheries, there is a very small number of species, which are herring, cod, anchovy, tuna, flounder, mullet, squid, shrimp, salmon, crab, lobster, oyster and scallops. Recent survey has estimated the total world fish biomass to be somewhere between 0.8 and 2.0 billion tonnes.
There are many new restrictions integrated with varieties of fishing allocation schemes and international treaties that aim to limit the fishing effort and, sometimes, capture efficiency. Several countries like the US has primary jurisdiction over the safety of the U.S. commercial fishing fleet. The purpose behind these regulations is to focus mainly to save lives after the loss of a vessel and not on preventing vessels from capsizing or sinking, falls overboard, or injuries on deck. Additionally, these regulations also necessitate that commercial fishing vessels carry various equipment like life rafts, radio beacons, and immersion suits, depending on the size of the vessel and the area in which it is working.