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Essential Fishing Equipment

Equipment for fishing, also known as fishing tackle generally refers to the equipment used for fishing either by commercial fishermen or for recreational bay fishing. Some examples fishing equipment are - reels, baits, lines, sinkers, traps, waders, hooks, floats, rods, lures, , nets, gaffs and spears. So, as we can infer, the fishing tackle refers to the physical equipment used for fishing. Fishing tackle is also known as fishing gear.

This article covers the essential fishing equipment:

Hook, line and sinker
The fish hook is a piece of equipment for fishing which have been in use for millennia by fisherman. Although the early hooks were made from bones, shells, horns and thorns of plant, today there is a huge variety of fish hooks, with different sizes, designs and shapes in different materials. A fishing line is a cord used for fishing and is made from artificial substances like nylon, polyethylene, dacron and dyneema. A sinker is essential fishing equipment, which forces the bait to sink more speedily. The sinker can be practically of any shape but is often shaped round like a pipe-stem and is made of lead traditionally.

Fishing rods
A fishing rod is an additional fishing gear which is used with the hook, line and sinker. Modern rods are sophisticated with line guides and a reel for line stowage. They are most usually made of fibreglass, carbon fibre or, classically, bamboo and may vary in action as well as length.

Fishing reels
A fishing reel is a fishing equipment used for the operating and retrieval of fishing line. These are traditionally used in angling and most often used in combination with a fishing rod.

Fishing bait
The natural bait is used as an attractant for the prey species of the fish. The natural bait used may be alive or dead and often comprise of bait fish, worms, leeches, frogs, salamanders, and other insects. This is important equipment used for fishing.

Bite indicators
A bite indicator is a mechanical or electronic fishing tackle acting as an indicator that something is happening at the hook end of the fishing line. Commonly used bite indicators are floats which float in the water.

Spears
Spear fishing uses an ordinary spear or a specialized variant such as a harpoon, trident, arrow or eel spear, as equipment for fishing.

Nets
Fishing nets are meshes usually formed by artificial polyamides like nylon. Earlier, nets of organic polyamides such as wool or silk thread were commonly used until recently. The net is thrown by hand in such a way that it spreads out on the water and sinks. Fish are then caught as the net is towed back.

Traps
Fishing traps are the almost universal fishing gear. A permanent or semi-permanent structure is placed in a river and is baited to attract prey. They are periodically lifted.

Fishing Tackle Boxes
Fishing tackle boxes have always been an important part of the essential fishing equipment. Earlier made from wood, today plastic fishing tackle boxes are much preferred. This consists of a number of small trays for a plethora of small fishing tackle.

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