Professional Fishing Management
For hundreds of years now, the control of fisheries and fish production has been exercised in many parts around the world. For instance, there were strict rules set by the
Māori people, New Zealand for about the last 700 years for traditional fishing activities.
The purpose of fishing management is to find ways to protect fishery resources so as to avoid any unsustainable exploitation. Here in this article, we will focus on the Fisheries management.
To prevent excessive fishing in one specific area, in the early times, the fishermen were separated and not allowed to fish in the same grounds. Governmental resource protection-based management in fishing is a relatively new idea. A governmental system of professional fishing management has a set of rules based on defined objectives. The idea first took its roots in 1936 in London for the North European fisheries. A system of monitoring control and surveillance is set in place based on these rules.
The fragile part of the management of fisheries is often the political goal of resource use.
These political objectives aim to maximize sustainable biomass yield as well as economic yield. Besides securing protein production and food supply, they also aim to boost employment in certain regions. The objectives also include increasing biological and economic yield and increase income from export.
For successful and professional fishing management, some international agreements are necessary to control fisheries taking place in areas exterior to national control. Certain sovereign rights and responsibilities for resource management need to be assigned to individual countries. Further intergovernmental coordination would be required for proper management in fishing. The objectives of Fisheries need to be expressed in concrete management rules. The fishing management rules today should be based on the internationally agreed standard Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries, agreed at an FAO session in 1995.
Many countries have already founded Ministries and Government Departments, named "Ministry of Fisheries" or something similar. Controlling the fisheries management within their private economic zones, the technical rules and regulations may include:
• The ban of the use of mechanical devices such as bows and arrows, and spears, or firearms for fishing.
• The bar on fishing with nets, or the average potential catching power of a vessel in the fleet
• the prohibition of fishing with bait
• snagging of fish
• guidelines for fish traps
• limits on the number of poles or lines per fisherman
• constraint on the number of simultaneous fishing vessels
• the average intensity of operation of a vessel per unit time at sea
• the average time at sea for a vessel in the fleet.